Papaver somniferum Linn.

Primary Characteristics

Primary Characteristics

Papaver somniferum Linn.belongs to Papaveraceae, family.
The Arabic Names for this herb are Afiyun, Lubn Al Khashkhash.
The English Names for this herb are Carnation Poppy, Opium, Poppy, White Poppy.
The Urdu Names for this herb are Afim, Afiyun, Doda, Dodapost, Jhal, Khashkhash.

Pharmacological Actions

The pharmacological Actions of Papaver somniferum Linn. are Anaesthetic, Anodyne, Anti-asthmatic, Anti-catarrhal, Anti-inflammatory, Anti-spasmodic, Aphrodisiac, Astringent, Bactericidal, CNS Depressant, Demulcent, Diaphoretic, Emollient, Haemostatic, Hypnotic, Hypotensive, Narcotic, Sedative, Sudorific, Tonic.


The Indications of Papaver somniferum Linn. are Cough, Lumbago, Metritis, Intermittent Fever, Cold, Dysentery, Diarrhoea, Otalgia, Pre-Mature Ejaculation, Sexual Weakness, Internal Pains, Spasmodic Affections of Bowels, Irritative Cough, Fever with Violent Delirium, Violent Colic, Violent Pain due to Calculi, Headache, Insomnia, Arthritis.

The Indications of Latex from the capsule of Papaver somniferum Linn. are Intestinal Haemorrhage, Headache, Dental Pain, Seasonal Fever, Pleurisy, Sciatica, Influenza, Backache, Rheumatism, Hysteria, Melancholia, Earache, Cold, Cough, Nasal Catarrh.

The Indication of Seeds (white) of Papaver somniferum Linn. is Rheumatic Affections.

The Indication of Seeds (black) of Papaver somniferum Linn. is Rheumatic Affections.

No Contra Indication information is available for Papaver somniferum Linn..


The Temperament of Papaver somniferum Linn. is 4th order, cold and dry.

The Temperaments of Seeds (white) of Papaver somniferum Linn. are 2nd order, cold, 1st order, moist.

The Temperaments of Seeds (black) of Papaver somniferum Linn. are 2nd order, dry, 3rd order, cold.

Available Brands

BrandManufacturer/Mnf. Representative
BARSHASHAHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
DIAQOOZAHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
HABB-E-JADWARHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
HABB-E-MUMSIK AMBERIHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
HABB-E-MUMSIK TILAIHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
HABB-E-NAZLAHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
KHAMIRA KHASHKHASHHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
LABOOB-E-BARIDHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
LAOOQ MO TADILHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
LAOOQ SAPISTANHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
MA UL-HAYATHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
MUMSIK BE NAZIRHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
NAZLIHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
PAICHHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
QURS JIRYANHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
ROGHAN LABOOB-E-SABAAHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
ROGHAN-E-KHASHKHASHHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
SOMINAHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
TIRYAQ-E-MASANAHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
TIRYAQ-E-NAZLAHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan

Compound Preparations

Papaver somniferum Linn. is used in the preparation of Banadiq al-Bazur, Barsh'esha, Dawai Siyah Paichish, Dayaquza, Hab Lab al-Khashkhash, Hab Mumsik Tilai, Hab Paichish, Hab Sil, Hab Surfah, Itrifal kabir, Itrifal Muqawwi Dimagh, Laooq Nazli, Laooq Sapistan, Lubub Kabir, Lubub Mo'tadil, Lubub Saghir, Ma'jun Khadar, Ma'jun Murraweh ul-Arwah, Ma'jun Raig Mahi, Ma'jun Ruh al-Mominin, Muffareh Mo'tadil, Qurs Abiaz, Qurs Kaknaj, Roghan Khashkhash, Safuf Shahtara, Safuf Tabashir, Sherbat Faryad Ras, Sherbet Khashkhash, Sherbet Sadar, Tiryaq-i-Nazla compounds.


Whole Herb15.000mg - 122.000mgN/A
Seeds (black)N/A
Seeds (white)N/A

Herb's Description

Papaver somniferum Linn.. An erect rarely branched usually glaucous annual 60-120 cm high. Leaves ovate-oblong or linear-oblong, amplexicaule, lobed, dentate or serrate; flowers large, usually bluish white with a purple base or white, purple or variegated; Capsules large 2.5 cm diam; globose, stalked; seeds white or black,Reniforrn
Papaver somniferum Linn.'s Latex from the capsule

Taste Odor & Occurrence

Occurence: It occurs in Asia, Europe, North Africa.. The plant commonly occurs in warm and temperate regions of mentioned continents.
Odor: The odor of Papaver somniferum Linn. is Narcotic
Taste: Bitter


No information regarding Papaver somniferum Linn.'s substitute is currently available.

Active Constituents

Papaver somniferum Linn.'s Active constituents:


No information regarding Papaver somniferum Linn.'s antidot is currently available.

Warning & Precautions

Generally harmful for individuals with cold temperament.Frequent use of seeds causes dryness of the mouth and throat, lessening the secretion of the stomach and thus impair appetite, diminish the secretion of bile and may cause constipation, decrease quantity of urine,increase heart beat and arterial action.


Currently no Toxicity information is available for Papaver somniferum Linn.. (work in progress)