Brassica nigra (L.) Koch.

Primary Characteristics

Primary Characteristics

Brassica nigra (L.) Koch. is aslo known as Sinapis nigra Linn., belongs to Cruciferae, family.
The Arabic Name for this herb is Khardal Ahmar.
The English Names for this herb are Black Mustard, Yellow Mustard.
The Urdu Names for this herb are Aahar, Jambo, khardal, Rai.

Pharmacological Actions


  • Alterative
  • Appetizer
  • Decongestant
  • Digestive
  • Irritant
  • Laxative
  • Resolvent
  • Soothing
  • Stimulant
  • Vesicant

  • Oil:
  • Irritant
  • Rubefacient

  • Mustard Flour:
  • Emetic
  • Stimulant

  • Indications

    The Indications of Brassica nigra (L.) Koch. are Gout, Meningitis, Paralysis, Pleurisy, Sciatica, Pneumonia, Rheumatism, Palsy.

    The Indications of Seeds of Brassica nigra (L.) Koch. are Neuralgia, Bronchitis, Sciatica, Urticaria, Painful Liver, Ringworm, Tongue Inflammation, Gums Inflammation, Gout, Alopecia, Hard Swellings, Amenorrhoea, Ulcers, Pneumonia, Leucoderma, Spleenic Pain, Stomachache, Headache, Congestion of Organs, Head Affections, Spasm.

    The Indications of Oil of Brassica nigra (L.) Koch. are Muscular Rheumatism, Stiff Neck.

    No Contra Indication information is available for Brassica nigra (L.) Koch..


    The Temperaments of Brassica nigra (L.) Koch. are 4th order, warm and dry, 3rd Order, Warm and Dry.

    Available Brands

    BrandManufacturer/Mnf. Representative
    HABB-E-JALINOOSHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan

    Compound Preparations

    Brassica nigra (L.) Koch. is used in the preparation of Anqaruya-i-Kabir, Hab Muqil, Ma'jun Baladur, Marham Ushaq, Safuf Tahleel, Zimad Bars compounds.


    Whole Herb1.000g - 3.000g

    Herb's Description

    Brassica nigra (L.) Koch.. It is a much branched annual herb. Stem erect, 0.5-1.3 m high, mostly branching from the middle, more or less hispid often purple-spotted or purplish in sunny places. Branches thin, divaricate and ascending virgate. Lower leaves distinctly stalked, lyrate-pinnatisect; terminal lobe the largest, ovate, often 5-lobed, on the margin unequally callose-denticulate, the upper leaves oblong-linear, narrowed at the base into a short petiole, mostly entire, often pendulous; ail very membranous and bright green. Raceme at flowering time corymbose, but when the flowers do not surpass the buds, then are very elongate, 40-60 flowered. Pedicels very short, 2-3 mm long, glabrous, sepals 4-5 mm long, oblong, glabrous. Petals yellow, 7.5-9 mm long; blade obovate, at the apex truncate and undulate, cuneately narrowed at the base into a thin claw. Inner stamens 6 mm long, the outer 5 mm; anthers oblong, obtuse, 1.5 mm. long. Ovary 7-11 ovuled; style 1-2 mm long; stigma distinctly broader than the style. Fruiting pedicel 2.5-4.5 mm long, erect. Pods small, 1-2 cm long, 1.5-2 mm diameter, linear, straw-coloured, rarely publish. Seeds globose, 1 mm diameter, obscurely brown, black near the hilum, delicately alveolate.

    Taste Odor & Occurrence

    Occurence: It occurs in Asia Minor, England, Europe, Germany, Holland, Italy, Netherlands, North & South America, Northern Africa, South Siberia.. It is largely cultivated in England,Holland,Italy,Germany and elsewhere for the sake of seeds.
    Odor: The odor of Seeds of Brassica nigra (L.) Koch. is Odourless
    Seeds: Bitter,Peppery


    No information regarding Brassica nigra (L.) Koch.'s substitute is currently available.

    Active Constituents

    Brassica nigra (L.) Koch.'s Active constituents:


    No information regarding Brassica nigra (L.) Koch.'s antidot is currently available.

    Warning & Precautions

    Causes thirst,excessive use not suitable for those having warm temperament.Its application may cause redness,heat at the site of application and severe burning pain in the begining which subsides slowly.


    Currently no Toxicity information is available for Brassica nigra (L.) Koch.. (work in progress)