Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Spragu

Primary Characteristics

Primary Characteristics

Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague is aslo known as Ammi copticum L. Mart., Carum copticum B. & Hook., Carum copticum L. Link, Ptychotis ajowan DC., Sison ammi Linn., Trachyspermum copticum L. Link, belongs to Apiaceae, Umbelliferae, family.
The Arabic Name for this herb is Nakhwah-Hindi.
The English Names for this herb are Ajowan Seeds, Carum, Lovage, Omum, Omum , Ajowan seeds , Lovage , Bishop's weed.
The Urdu Names for this herb are Ajwain, Ajwain Desi, Jann, Nankhawah, Sperkai.

Pharmacological Actions


  • Anti-flatulent
  • Anti-septic
  • Anti-spasmodic
  • Appetizer
  • Calorific
  • Carminative
  • Deobstruent
  • Desiccative
  • Digestive
  • Hypotensive
  • Resolvent
  • Vermifuge

  • Oil:
  • Anti-neuralgic
  • Anti-rheumatic
  • Anti-septic
  • Expectorant

  • Root:
  • Carminative
  • Diuretic

  • Indications

    The Indications of Seeds of Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague are Spasmodic Affections, Leucoderma, Hysteria, Inflammations, Colic, Bronchitis, Cholera, Pain, Diarrhoea, Indigestion, Pimples, Sexual Debility, Sore Throat, Flatulence, Chronic Fever, Liver Stiffness, Insect Bite, Calculus, Blood Clot, Atonic Dyspepsia, Profuse Expecoration.

    The Indications of Oil of Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague are Bronchial Pneumonia, Emphysema, Respiratory Ailments, Acidity, Dyspepsia, Flatulence, Rheumatic Pain, Neuralgic Pain.

    The Indication of Leave Juice of Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague is Worms.

    No Contra Indication information is available for Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague.


    The Temperament of Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague is 3rd order, warm and dry.

    Available Brands

    BrandManufacturer/Mnf. Representative
    AUJALINHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
    BOZEDENEHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
    GastolAshraf laboratories (Pvt) Ltd.
    HABOOB MUQUAWWI-E-MAIDAHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
    HazumAshraf laboratories (Pvt) Ltd.
    Lazeez ChuranAshraf laboratories (Pvt) Ltd.
    Namak SulaimaniAshraf laboratories (Pvt) Ltd.
    NAMAK SULAMANIHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
    NEO-CARMINAHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan

    Compound Preparations

    Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague is used in the preparation of Arq Ajeeb, Arq Faulad, Arq Hazim, Arq Zira, Dawai Siyah Kabutar Wali, Hab Asgand, Hab Hiltit, Jawarish Mastagi Kalan, Jawarish Safarjali Qabiz, Jawarish Shehryaran, Jawarish Zar'uni Sada, Ma'jun Muqil, Ma'jun Nankhwah, Ma'jun Nankhwah Mushki, Qurs Podinah, Roghan Ajwain, Roghan Kalan, Ruh-e-Ajwain, Safuf Dama, Safuf Muhazzil, Sherbet Sadar, Tiryaq-i-Faruq, Zimad Sheer Shutar compounds.


    Whole HerbN/A
    Seeds3.000g - 5.000gN/A

    Herb's Description

    Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague. An erect, glabrous or minutely pubescent, branched annual, upto 90 cm tali. Stems striate. Leaves rather distant, 2-3 pinnateiy divided, segments linear, ultimate segments 1-2.5 cm long. Flowers in terminal or seemingly-lateral pedunculate compound umbels white, small. Fruits ovoid, muricate, aromatic, cremocarps 2-3 mm long, greyish-brown; mericarps compressed, with distinct ridges and tubercular surface, 1-seeded

    Taste Odor & Occurrence

    Occurence: It is native of Egypt. It occurs in Afghanistan, India, Middle East, North Africa, Pakistan, Russia.
    Odor: The odor of Fruit of Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague is Aromatic
    Fruit: Bitter,Pungent


    No information regarding Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague's substitute is currently available.

    Active Constituents

    Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague's Active constituents:


    No information regarding Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague's antidot is currently available.

    Warning & Precautions

    Long term continuous use described as harmful for individuals with warm temperament.May produce headache and seminal weakness.


    Currently no Toxicity information is available for Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague. (work in progress)